通知 网站从因情语写改为晴雨,这个网站的模板也从calmlog_ex改为 whimurmur

考研零基础英语语法 非谓语动词

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作者:因情语写

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    非谓语动词

    有哪些?

    doing / done / to do

    做什么?


    相当于名词,作主/宾/表语   doing / to do

    doing

    作主语

Fishing is my favourite sport.

It is my favourite sport fishing with my friends every week.    it作形式主语

     作宾语(介词后/有些动词后)

I often fish for hours without catching anything.

Both men started running through the trees.

    作表语

My dream is travelling around the world.

    to do

    作主语

To fish is my favourite sport.

It is my favourite sport to fish with my friends every week.    it作形式主语

    作有些动词后的宾语

Both men started to run through the trees.

    作表语

My dream is to travel around the world.

 


    修饰名词/句子,作定语/状语    doing / done / to do

    doing 主动/正在进行

    done 被动/已完成

    to do 目的/即将去做

Looking around, I realized that I was the only passenger on the bus.

Certain jobs have gone away for good, Replaced by machines.

I sat in the front of the bus to get a good view of the countryside.

 


    作同位语

My aim, to become a millionaire by the time I'm 30, seems impossible.

 


    变体

    doing / being done

He was surprised at discovering other people there.

He was surprised at being discovered there.

    doing / having done

Doing his homework, the little boy watched TV.

Having done his homework, the little boy watched TV.

    to do / to be done

The man sat there to ask the policeman about what had happened.

The man sat there to be asked about what had happened.


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