通知 网站从因情语写改为晴雨,这个网站的模板也从calmlog_ex改为 whimurmur

英语写作进阶提升训练一 考研写作必杀词汇

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作者:因情语写

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    1. 应用文

    书信    letter mail e-mail

    通知    notice notification announcement

    格式部分必备词汇 – 称呼

    非特定称呼:

    Dear Sir or Madam,
    To whom it may concern,
    Dear All,

    特定称呼:

    Dear+人名,
    Dear+性别+人名,
    Dear+职务,
    Dear+职务+人名,

    格式部分必备词汇 – 落款

    应用文的类型:

    letter/mail/e-mail    书信
    notice/ announcement    通知

    suggestion(s)/advice/proposals    建议
    make complaint about sth./ complain about sth./ dissatisfaction    报怨
    ask for information/details/advice about sth.    询问
    make an apology/ apologize to sb.     道歉
    express appreciation/thanks/gratitude    感谢

    invite sb. to do sth./ invitation    邀请
    recommend/ recommendation    推荐
    congratulate sb./ congratulations    祝贺
    write a reply    回复
    appeal for sth./ proposal/initiative    建议请求
    apply for a position/job/ further study    申请
    resignation/ quit    辞职

    2. 图画作文

    图画作文必备词:

    我认为,图片传达了一个发人深省的观点。

    I think the picture conveys a thought-provoking point.
    The picture, I think , conveys a thought-provoking point.
    The picture, I think , conveys a thought-provoking point (that...)

    在...地方 +站着/坐着/躺着/蹲着+谁,在干什么。
    表示方位的介词短语+谓语动词(vi.)+主语,doing .
    注意谓语动词的选择一定是vi.
    主语的确定 决定了 doing是否好写!

在哪里:in the picture/ in the center of the picture
做什么:stand/lie/run/appear
谁:a man/a woman

In the sunshine stands an American girl.
• In the sunshine stands an American girl, wearing Chinese traditional clothes and smiling.
• In the bright sunshine,as is obviously manifested above, stands a charming and stunning American girl, wearing colorful Chinese traditional clothes of the minority and smiling like a delicate lily-flower.
 

• In the darkness stands a candle.
• In the darkness stands a candle, spreading brightness.
• In the deep and heavy darkness happily stands a remarkably tiny candle, spreading glowing brightness around itself.

    语言的准确度:

    man= sportsman athlete player runner student goalkeeper forward concert-goer phone-lover Beckham-fans goal-guard
    2 men= 2 crazy fans 2 insane fans
    woman=lady ,young lady

    person= tourist vistor viewer
    netizen
    the disabled, the handicapped,
    the physically challenged
    the mentally challenged

    thing=light,lamp,oil lamp,candle

    关联词:

    similarly/ likewise (类似地)
    furthermore/moreover/what’s more/besides(此外地)
    however/yet/but/on the contrary/unfortunately/ironically(相反地)

    图画作文主题词:

    负向话题:
    正面话题:
    中立话题:

    举个栗子:表示“合作” 的单词
    cooperation n. cooperative adj.
    collaboration n. collaborative adj.
    collective effort 共同的努力
    joint effort 共同的努力
    working together
    teamwork
    community spirit 团队精神

    3. 图表作文

    图表作文必备词:

    chart/ graph/ diagram 的分类:
    bar chart/column chart 柱状图
    table/ statistic table/ Excel 表格
    pie chart 饼图/扇图
    line chart/ line graph/ curve chart 曲线图/折线图

    呈现:provide/present/show/indicate/reflect/mirror/echo/illustrate
    数据:data/figure/statistic
    比例:percentage/rate/proportion
    变化:changes/variations/the trend of variation
    差异:difference
    关于:about/concerning/regarding/respecting/in regard to/in respect to

    上升:
    go up
    increase    My turnover increased spectacularly.
    rise
    grow
    show/witness an upward trend     The consumption of chicken showed an upward trend,exceeding/overtaking/surpassing that of lamb in 1980

    急剧上升:
    jump
    shoot up     The proportion/percentage of students from England shot up to 76% in 2009.
    shoot-shot-shot
    surge     The Freedom Party's electoral support surged from under 10 percent to nearly 17 percent.
    soar     The spending on research soared to 2.7 million pounds in 1990.
    soar-soared-soared

    下降:
    decline
    decrease
    fall     Other workers’ salaries saw a fall from 28% in 1981 to only 15% of spending in 2011.
    drop
    dip     The figure dipped to only 4% for much of his period, which was the lowest in the figures for these countries.
    sink
    show/witness a downward trend     The consumption of lamb witnessed a downward trend.

    急剧下降:
    slump fall suddenly     Net profits slumped by 41%.
    plummet decrease quickly by a large amount     The average price of tennis racquets plummeted to 79 pounds in 1990.
    plunge decrease quickly and suddenly     The number began to plunge in 2010

    波动:
    fluctuate (该词永远不能使用被动形式)    fluctuate between A and B.
    fluctuation     In spite of some fluctuations in the expected percentages, the proportion of older people will continue to rise in the next two decades.
                          We witness a slight fluctuation during the period of 2010 to 2015

    稳定在一定水平上:
    remain the same     The market share of American autos remained the same from 2008 to 2009.
    remain stable at     The market share of American autos remained stable at around 12% during the period of 2008 to 2009.

    稳定地;逐渐地;缓慢地 steadily;constantly;continuously; slightly; slowly ;gradually;moderately;gently
    快速地、 急剧地、很大地 sharply;dramatically;drastically; steeply; spectacularly;substantially;tangibly;remarkably;amazingly; tremendously


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