通知 网站从因情语写改为晴雨,这个网站的模板也从calmlog_ex改为 whimurmur

考研英文写作-基础

630人浏览 / 0人评论 / | 作者:因情语写  | 分类: 英语  | 标签: 英语

作者:因情语写

链接:https://www.qingyu.blue/article/217

声明:请尊重原作者的劳动,如需转载请注明出处


    拾遗

    老师课上说了一些重要但书上没有的内容,我这里抄录了下来,都是老师话语的一些片段。

    不要只使用主动语态,适当使用被动语态。

    不要只用主语开头,可以用状语开头。

    观点有三种:正面,负面,中性

    文章分三段:提出问题,分析问题,解决问题,以总分总的形式,第一段先客观描述,第二段意义阐释(进行客观评论:可以正反论证),第三段归纳总结或建议(主观议论)

    不能抄题目原句

    不用写题目

    字数要够

    要注意细节,要写得具体

    要积极向上:对正面情况要继续,对负面情况要改变

    长短句结合,以短句为主:小作文:2-3-2句,4短句3长句;大作文:3-5-4句,7短5长(字数:小作文 100-130 词,大作文 160-250 词)

    内容概要

    第一节:考研写作总论:两大黄金原则、院校专业选择
    第二节:考研写作话题词汇
    1)四大必考话题:社会热点、教育文化、环境保护、人生哲理
    2)写作核心词汇
    第三节:句子写作大法
    1)句子写作大法
    2)话题钻石句型

    第一节 考研写作总论

    大纲解读:两大黄金原则

    (一)印象原则:
    书写工整!卷面整洁!字迹清晰!
    如书写较差,以致影响读者理解,将分数降低一个档次。
    中文:行楷、楷书
    英文:手写印刷体、意大利斜体、圆体

    三眼判卷:
    1、结构:
    1)分段:三段,两头小中间大
    2)字数:小作文 100-130 词,大作文 160-250 词
    2、内容:每段第一句最好写主题句(改写提纲)
    3、语言:扫描+查看

    (二)语言第一位、结构第二位、内容第三位
    1、语言:两大评分标准
    1)基本正确:及格分
    2)丰富多变(词汇+句型):高分
    2、结构:逻辑性
    1)段落结构:总分总
    (1)主题句: 1 句,改写提纲
    (2)描述或论证: 1-3 句
    (3)(小结: 1 句)
    2)评分标准:
    (1)关联词: 5-7 个
    (2)同义替换:词汇+句型
    (3)代词替换:物称代词 it, that, they
    3、内容:不跑题+论证充分
    1)论点:中心思想,二段首句及末段首句
    2)论据: 2-3 段
    3)论证: 2-3 段
    高分作文三大要求:
    1)语言精彩:正确+变化
    2)结构严谨
    3)论证充分:论点+论据+论证手段

    院校专业选择

    (一) 地区选择
    (二) 院校选择
    (三) 专业选择
    (四) 导师选择

    第二节 考研写作话题词汇

    考研写作常见问题:
    1、背范文没用?
    2、背范文浪费时间?
    3、范文背不下来?
    4、为什么背了范文还是不会写?
    1)没有涵盖所有常考话题;
    2)背得不熟;
    3)重复不够。

    四大必考话题之一:教育文化

        (一)教育

    1、经典考题
    1) 2006 年 MBA 真题:
    Directions:
    In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following diagram. Describe the diagram and analyze the possible causes. You should write at least 150 words.

                                1998-2004 年全国工程硕士招生录取人数

    2) 2008MBA 真题:
    Directions:
    In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following information. Make comments and express your own opinion. You should write at least 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.
    以往许多人报考成人高校,是为了圆文凭梦。如今,手持本科、硕士文凭,回头重新考大学的大有人在。据报道,今年报名全国成人高考的上海考生中,有 390 名本科毕业生,15 名硕士生。
    写一篇约 150 词的作文对此现象进行评论和表达自己的意见。

    3) 2013 年英语(二):
    Directions:
    Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should
    (1) interpret the chart ,and
    (2) give your comments.
    You should write about 150 words.

                                                                         某高校学生兼职情况

    4) 2015 年英语(一)小作文:
    Directions:
    You are going to host a club reading session. Write an email of about 100 words recommending a book to the club members.
    You should state reasons for your recommendation.
    You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
    Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.
    Do not write the address. (10 points)

    5) 2017 年英语(一)真题:
    Directions:
    Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following pictures. In your essay, you should
    1) describe the pictures briefly,
    2) interpret the meaning, and
    3) give your comments.
    You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

    2、核心词汇
学士学位: bachelor’ s degree
硕士学位: master’ s degree
博士学位: doctor’ s degree
获得学位: acquire degree
文学硕士: Master of Arts (M.A.)
理学硕士: Master of Science (M.S.)
小学: primary/elementary school
中学: middle school
综合性大学: university
学院: institute
高等教育: higher education
大学生: college/university students
大学毕业生: college/university graduates
教授: professor
系: department
专业: major
教学设施: teaching facilities
食堂: dining hall
宿舍: dormitory
选修课: elective/optional course
学杂费: tuition fees and other expenses
终身教育: life-long education
素质教育: education for all-round development
义务教育: compulsory education
应试教育: exam-oriented education
理论知识: theoretical knowledge
实践技能: practical skills
信息时代: information age
知识爆炸时代: era of knowledge explosion
逃课: skip classes
学习成绩: academic performance
学习氛围: academic atmosphere
开阔眼界: broaden one’ s horizons
激发兴趣: stimulate one’ s interest
开发潜能: tap one’ s potential
学生减负: reduce study load
放松的大学生活: relaxing college life
招生: recruitment
录取: enrollment
申请入学: apply for admission to/into
高考: College Entrance Examination
考研: National Entrance Test for M.A./M.S. Candidates
就业市场: job market
雇主: employer
雇员: employee
职业培训: vocational training

        (二)流行文化

    1、经典考题
    1) 1993: DIRECTIONS:
    A) Title: Advertisement on TV
    B) Time limit: 40 minutes
    C) Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence)
    D) Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence:“ Today more and more advertisements are seen on the TV screen.”
    E) Your composition must be written clearly in the ANSWER SHEET.
    OUTLINE:
    1. Present state
    2. Reasons
    3. My comments

    2) 2009MBA:
    Directions:
    It is well-known that text message(手机短信) has both advantages and disadvantages. Some people think it is a blessing, while others regard it as a hell. In this section, you are asked to write an essay on text messaging. You can take either stand and provide specific reasons and examples to support your idea. You should write at least 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.

    3) 2010 英语(二) :
    Directions:
    In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should
    1) interpret the chart and
    2) give your comments.
    You should write at least 150 English words.
    Write your essay on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 Points)
    Mobile-phone Subscriptions (2000-2008)

    (subscription number: billion)

    4) 2015 年英语(一)大作文:
    Directions:
    Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following picture. In your essay, you should
    1) describe the picture briefly,
    2) interpret its intended meaning, and
    3) give your comments.
    You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

                                                        手机时代的“聚会”

    2、核心词汇
流行文化: popular culture
电视广告泛滥: pervasive advertisement on TV
偶像崇拜: idol worship
上网成瘾: web/Internet addiction
虚拟生活: virtual life
网上交友: making friends online
网聊: chatting on the Internet
网上购物: online shopping
网络监管: the Internet supervision
网络暴力: the Internet violence
不负责言论: irresponsible remarks
网络游戏: online games
数码产品: digital products
手机短信: text message
手机入网: mobile phone subscription

        (三)中西文化

    1、经典考题:

    1) 2010 年英语(一)大作文:
    Directions:
    Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
    1) describe the drawing briefly,
    2) explain its intended meaning, and then
    3) give your comments.

    文字说明:佛、梁祝、解构、人本、功夫、毕昇、儒、礼、后现代、老舍、莎士比亚、爱因斯坦、道、仁、天鹅湖、启蒙、京剧等

    2) 2017 英语(二)小作文:
    Directions:
    Suppose you are invited by Professor Williams to give a presentation about Chinese culture to a group of international students. Write a reply to
    1) accept the invitation, and
    2) introduce the key points of your presentation.
    You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
    Do not sign your own name at the end of the email. Use “Li Ming” instead.
    Do not write the address. (10 points)

    2、核心词汇:
文化融合: cultural blending/integration
传统中国文化: traditional Chinese culture
儒家: Confucianism
佛家: Buddhism
道家: Daoism/Taoism
京剧: Peking Opera
中国书法: Chinese calligraphy
功夫: Kung-fu
仁: Goodness/Benevolence
义: Righteousness
礼: Politeness/Ritual
智: Wisdom
信: Trust
西方文化: western cultures
启蒙运动: Enlightenment
人本主义: humanism
后现代主义: post-modernism
解构主义: deconstruction
多元文化: multi-cultures, pluralistic/mosaic cultures
文化多元化: cultural diversity
保存珍惜: preserve and cherish
取其精华去其糟粕: absorb its essence and resist its dark side
积极促进文化发展: promote cultural development positively
辉煌灿烂的文化遗产: glorious and splendid cultural heritage/legacy/relics
人类文明: human civilization
主流文化: mainstream culture
解读经典: interpretation of classics
莎士比亚: Shakespeare
爱因斯坦: Einstein

    四大必考话题之二:社会热点

        (一)健康

    1、经典考题:

    1) 1996: DIRECTIONS:
    A) Title: Good Health
    B) Time limit: 40 minutes
    C) Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence)
    D) Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence: “The desire for good health is universal.”
    E) Your composition must be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
    OUTLINE:
    1. Importance of good health
    2. Ways to keep fit
    3. My own practices

    2) 1997: DIRECTIONS:
    A. Study the following set of pictures carefully and write an essay in no less than 120 words.
    B. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET.
    C. Your essay should cover all the information provided and meet the requirements below:
    1. Interpret the following pictures.
    2. Predict the tendency of tobacco consumption and give your reasons.

    3) 2014 年英语(一)小作文:
    Directions: Write a letter of about 100 words to the president of your university, suggesting how to improve students’ physical condition.
    You should include the details you think necessary.
    You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
    Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.
    Do not write the address. (10 points)

    4) 2014 年英语(二)小作文:
    Directions:
    Suppose you are going to study abroad and share an apartment with John, a local student, write him an email to
    1) tell him about your living habits, and
    2) ask for advice about living there.
    You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
    Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.
    Do not write the address. (10 points)

    2、主题词汇
生理健康: physical health
心理健康: mental/psychological health/fitness
进行体育锻炼: do physical exercises
保持乐观: keep optimistic
悲观的: pessimistic
均衡饮食: well-balanced diet
亚健康: sub-health
公共卫生: public health
心态: state of mind
垃圾食品: junk food
节食: go on a diet
减肥: lose weight
提供医疗服务: provide medical services
牺牲健康: sacrifice one’ s health
全面禁烟: total tobacco ban
疾病: illness/disease
慢性病: chronic disease
传染病: infectious disease

        (二)两代关系

    1、经典考题:

    1) 1992
    DIRECTIONS:
    A) Title: For a Better Understanding between Parent and Child
    B) Time limit: 40 minutes
    C) Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence)
    D) Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence.
    E) Your composition must be written clearly in the ANSWER SHEET.
    OUTLINE:
    1. Present situation: Lack of communication between parent and child
    2. Possible reasons:
    1) Different likes and dislikes
    2) Misunderstanding
    3) Others
    3. Suggestions:
    1) For parents
    2) For children

    2) 2003 年真题:
    Directions:
    Study the following pictures carefully and write an essay about 200 words based on the following
    1) describe the set of drawings and interpret its meaning,
    2) point out its implications in our life.

        3) 2014 年英语(一)真题:
    Directions:
    Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
    1) describe the drawing briefly,
    2) interpret its intended meaning, and
    3) give your comments.
    You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

                                                   相携

    4) 2016:
    Directions:
    Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following pictures. In your essay, you should
    1) describe the pictures briefly,
    2) interpret the meaning, and
    3) give your comments.
    You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

    2、核心词汇
代沟: generation gap
弥合差距: bridge the gap
相互理解: mutual understanding
误解: misunderstanding
照顾: care, take care of/look after
虐待: mistreat, maltreat, ill-treat
老龄化社会: aging society
人口老龄化: population aging
老年人: the aged/the elderly/senior citizens
奉行孝道: practice filial piety

        (三)职业道德

    1、经典考题:

    1998
    Directions:
    A. Study the following set of pictures carefully and write an essay in no less than 150 words.
    B. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET II.
    C. Your essay should cover all the information provided and meet the requirements below:
    1. Write out the messages conveyed by the cartoon.
    2. Give your comments.

    2、核心词汇
职业道德: professional ethics
空洞承诺: empty promises
伪劣产品: shoddy products/goods, fake/counterfeit/inferior commodities
欺诈行为: dishonest behaviors, fraudulent activity/conduct
诚信: honesty
学术腐败: academic corruption
剽窃抄袭: plagiarism
食品安全: food safety
建筑质量: construction quality
地沟油: drainage oil
毒奶粉: poisonous milk powder
食品添加剂: food additives
不公平竞争: unfair competitions
管理部门: administration departments
监管部门: supervision departments
商家: merchant
厂家: manufacturer
漠视法律: disregard of laws
推卸责任: shift the blame onto
消费者权益: consumers’ rights and interests
公正有效地履行职责: perform one’ s tasks fairly and effectively
提供礼貌热情的服务: provide polite and hospitable services
腐败现象: corruption phenomenon

        (四)爱心/社会公德

    1、经典考题

    1) 1995: DIRECTIONS:
    A) Title: The “Project Hope”
    B) Time limit: 40 minutes
    C) Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence)
    D) Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence: “Education plays a very important role in the modernization of our country.”
    E) Your composition must be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
    OUTLINE:
    1. Present situation
    2. Necessity of the project
    3. My suggestion

    2) 2006 小作文:
    Directions:
    You want to contribute to Project Hope by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area. Write a letter to the department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify what kind of child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan.

    3) 2013 英语(二)小作文:倡议信
    Directions:
    Suppose your class is to hold a charity sale for kids in need of help. Write your classmates an email to
    1) inform them about the details, and
    2) encourage them to participate.

    2、核心词汇
公德: public morality
传统美德: traditional virtues
责任: duty/responsibility
责任感: sense of responsibility
承担责任: shoulder/assume/undertake one’ s duties/responsibilities
逃避责任: avoid/shirk one’ s duties/responsibilities
奉献: devote/dedicate/devotion/dedication
无私奉献: selfless devotion
信任危机: the crisis of trust
公德堕落: the corruption of public morality
道德缺失: the lack of moral sense
不道德行为: immoral behaviors
希望工程: Project Hope
慈善: charity
捐款: donate/donation
贫困的乡村地区: poor rural areas
入学: start schooling
辍学: drop out of school
完成学业: finish school
尊老爱幼: to respect the old and care for the young
随地吐痰: spit everywhere
大声喧哗: make noise/talk loudly

    人生哲理类

    (一)经典考题:

    1、 1994: DIRECTIONS:
    A) Title: On Making Friends
    B) Time limit: 40 minutes
    C) Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence)
    D) Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence:“ As a human being, one can hardly do without a friend.”
    E) Your composition must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET.
    OUTLINE:
    1. The need for friends
    2. True friendship
    3. My principle in making friends

    2) 2003 年真题:
    Directions:
    Study the following pictures carefully and write an essay about 200 words based on the following
    1) describe the set of drawings and interpret its meaning,
    2) point out its implications in our life.

    3、 2008:
    Directions:
    Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
    1) describe the drawing briefly,
    2) explain its intended meaning, and then
    3) give your comments.
    You should write neatly on Answer Sheet 2.

    4、 2012:
    Directions:
    Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
    1) describe the drawing briefly.
    2) explain its intended meaning, and
    3) give your comments.

    5) 2017 年英语(一)真题:
    Directions:
    Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following pictures. In your essay, you should
    1) describe the pictures briefly,
    2) interpret the meaning, and
    3) give your comments.
    You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

    (二) 核心词汇
自立 self-dependence
溺爱: dote, spoil
独生子女: only child
激烈竞争: fierce competition
啃老族: boomerang kids
不劳而获: reap without sowing
不断努力: make constant efforts
决不放弃: never give up
决不停止进步: never stop making progress
取得成功: achieve success
创新: innovation
勤奋: diligence
奋斗精神: striving spirit
人生观: outlook on life
世界观: outlook on the world
团队合作: teamwork
团队精神: team spirit
与他人合作: cooperate with others
齐心协力/众志成城: joint/cooperative efforts
互相帮助: help each other
保持乐观: keep optimistic
悲观: pessimism
悲观的: be pessimistic
积极态度: positive attitude

    环境保护类

    (一)经典考题:

    1、 1991: DIRECTIONS:
    A) Title: Where to Live---in the City or the Country?
    B) Time limit: 40 minutes
    C) Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence)
    D) Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence.
    E) Your composition must be written clearly in the ANSWER SHEET.
    OUTLINE:
    1. Conveniences of the city
    2. Attractions of the country
    3. Disadvantages of both
    4. My preference

    2) 1999:
    DIRECTIONS:
    A. Study the following graphs carefully and write an essay in at least150 words.
    B. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET II.
    C. Your essay should cover these three points:
    1. effect of the country's growing human population on its wildlife
    2. possible reason for the effect
    3. your suggestion for wildlife protection

    3) 2000 年真题:
    Directions:
    A. Study the following two pictures carefully and write an essay in at least 150words.
    B. Your essay must be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET2.
    C. Your essay should meet the requirements below:
    1) Describe the pictures.
    2) Deduce the purpose of the painter of the pictures.
    3) Suggest counter measures.

    4) 2005MBA:
    Directions:
    In this section, you are required to write a composition. You should write more than 150 words neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.
    “十一”长假已逐步为人们所习惯,她给百姓带来了充足的娱乐休闲机会,更促进了旅游经济的发展。但是,“黄金周”也带来了诸如交通压力增大、环保等诸多问题。作为一名普通百姓,请你给政府有关部门写一封信,提出你关于“黄金周”的意见和建议。
    1)十一节实行了七天长假制度;
    2) a. 七天假期给社会和个人都带来了好处,
    b. 七天假期也暴露了一些问题;
    3)政府应确保相关设施,如交通设施,适应假日活动的需要。

    5、 2009 年小作文:建议信
    Directions:
    Restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been so successful in some regions. “White Pollution is still going on. Write a letter to the editor(s) of your local newspaper to
    1) give your opinions briefly, and
    2) make two or three suggestions.

    (二)核心词汇
提高环保意识: enhance environmental awareness
环境保护: environmental protection
保持生态平衡: keep ecological balance
生态系统: ecosystem
自然保护区: nature reserve
可持续发展战略: sustainable development strategy
宜人的生活环境: pleasant living environment
节能: save energy
减排: reduce the emission of greenhouse gases
降低资源消耗率: slow down the rate of resource degradation
环保产品: environment-friendly product
清洁可再生能源: clean and renewable energy
核能: nuclear energy
太阳能: solar energy
大功率电器: high-power electrical appliance
全球变暖: global warming
低碳经济: low carbon economy
二氧化碳: carbon dioxide
气候变化: climate change
环境恶化: environment deterioration
乱砍滥伐: deforestation
水土流失: water and soil erosion
沙漠化: desertification
人口增长: population growth
野生动物保护: wildlife protection
濒危物种: endangered species
商业捕鱼: commercial fishing
过度捕捞: overfishing
过度开发: reckless exploitation
自然灾害: natural disaster
破坏性灾难性地震: destructive and disastrous earthquake
限期治理: undertake the treatment within a prescribed limit of time
白色污染: white pollution
限制使用一次性塑料袋: limit/ban/prohibit the use of disposable plastic bags
一次性筷子: disposable chopsticks
乱扔垃圾: litter
丢弃: throw/discard
垃圾: trash/rubbish
空气污染浓度: air pollutant concentrations
汽车尾气排放: motor vehicle exhaust
尾气净化器: exhaust purifier
无铅汽油: lead-free gasoline
电动汽车: cell-driven vehicles
天然气汽车: gas-fueled vehicles
小排量汽车: small-engine vehicles
工业粉尘排放: industrial dust discharge
烟尘排放: soot emissions
矿物燃料(煤、石油、天然气): fossil fuel(coal, oil and natural gas)

    第三节 句子写作大法

    五大句型

    (一)主谓
    没人能通过欺诈的言语而生存下去。(职业道德)
    By dishonest words no one can survive.
    (二)主谓宾
    人们拥有生理或心理问题。(健康)
    People suffer either physical or mental problems.
    (三)主系表
    饮食和睡眠对于身体健康是不可或缺的。(健康)
    Diet and sleep are indispensable to physical fitness.
    (四)主谓双宾
    韦小宝给了阿珂一本英文字典。
    Wei Xiaobao gives Ake an English dictionary.
    (五)主谓宾宾补
    金钱使人自私。
    Money makes people selfish.

    长句写法

    (一)并列句

    考研写作六大并列连词:
    and, or, not only… but also…, but, while, whereas
    1、生产厂家保证生产高质量产品。(职业道德)
    Some manufacturing units guarantee to turn out products of good quality.
    商业企业发誓提供真货和礼貌热情的服务。
    Some commercial enterprises swear to provide genuine commodities and polite and enthusiastic services.
    生产厂家保证生产高质量产品;商业企业发誓提供真货和礼貌热情的服务。
    Some manufacturing units guarantee to turn out products of good quality; some commercial enterprises swear to provide genuine commodities and polite and enthusiastic services.
    2、旅游业已经对我们生存的环境造成了巨大的压力。(环境保护)
    Tourism has exerted great pressure on the environment we are living in.
    旅游业已经对我们生存的环境造成了巨大的压力:水受到污染.
    Tourism has exerted great pressure on the environment we are living in: our water is polluted.
    另一方面,旅游业已经对我们生存的环境造成了巨大的压力:水受到污染,生态平衡遭到破坏,自然资源被过度开发。
    On the other hand, tourism has exerted great pressure on the environment we are living in: our water is polluted, our ecological system is disturbed, and our natural resources have been excessively used.
    3、多元文化能够长存。(文化融合)
    Multi-cultures can be kept alive.
    如果人们能为多元文化花费时间的话,那么它就能够长存。
    Multi-cultures can be kept alive by the people with the time to do so.
    在我看来,如果人们能为多元文化花费时间的话,那么它就能够长存。这对确保社会将来的繁荣和发展都至关重要。
    In my view, multi-cultures can be kept alive by the people with the time to do so, and it is extremely vital in ensuring a community’ s future development and prosperity.
    4、有些学生能够负担学费。(教育)
    Some students can afford the tuition fees.
    有些学生能够负担考研或出国的学费。
    Some students can afford the tuition fees of postgraduate studies or studying overseas.
    有些学生能够负担考研或出国的学费,而对有些人来说这些费用是一个沉重的负担。
    Some students can afford the tuition fees of postgraduate studies or studying overseas, while for others the expense would be too heavy a financial strain.

    (二)从句

    1、定语从句:形容词从句
    人+who, whom, whose
    物+that, which
    时间+when In 2019 when I met JJ.
    地点+where
    1)温室是溺爱和物质条件的缩影。(两代关系)
    The greenhouse epitomizes doting care and material supplies.
    温室是保护孩子免受风雨的父母溺爱和优越物质条件的缩影。
    The greenhouse epitomizes parents’ doting care and abundant material supplies that can shield the children from the storms.
    温室是保护孩子免受风雨的父母溺爱和优越物质条件的缩影,而风雨就是严峻的现实。
    The greenhouse epitomizes parents’ doting care and abundant material supplies that can shield the children from the storms, which symbolize the harsh reality.
    2)这种不诚实行为还会产生严重的后果。(职业道德)
    This misconduct results in severe consequences.
    这种不诚实行为还会产生严重的后果,这很可能会影响将来的机会。
    This misconduct results in severe consequence that may very well impact future opportunities and so on.
    另外,这种不诚实行为还会产生严重的后果,如成绩上的惩罚、暂时停学、不良违纪行为记录,这很可能会影响将来的机会。
    In addition, this misconduct results in severe consequences, such as grade-related penalties, suspension, or an adverse disciplinary record that may very well impact future opportunities and so on.
    3)错误的决定会让你面临着失望的就业前景。(教育)
    Students who make the wrong choice could be faced with disappointing career prospects.
    错误的决定会让你面临着失望的就业前景,或是到头来浪费了时间和金钱。
    Students who make the wrong choice could be faced with disappointing career prospects, or end up wasting their time and money.
    4)贝克汉姆代表了体育界英雄的形象。(流行文化)
    Beckham represents the image of a sports hero.
    贝克汉姆代表了体育界英雄的形象,他的外表以及技术正是粉丝们追捧的。
    Beckham represents the image of a sports hero whose appearance and skills are adored by all the fans.
    贝克汉姆代表了体育界英雄的形象,他的英俊外表以及高超的球技正是球迷们热情追捧的。
    Beckham represents the image of a sports hero whose handsome appearance and unparalleled football skills are passionately adored by all the sports fans.
    5)几个十几岁的女孩一夜成名。(流行文化)
    Several teenage girls won their fame overnight.
    2005 年中国举办的“超级女声”大赛中,几个十几岁的女孩一夜成名。
    Several teenage girls won their fame overnight in The 2005 Super Girl Contest in China.
    同样, 2005 年中国举办的“超级女声”大赛中,几个十几岁的女孩一夜成名。围绕着崇拜这些偶像的意义和危害,这个事件激起了全国性的争论。
    Likewise, several teenage girls won their fame overnight in The 2005 Super Girl Contest in China, which provoked noisy nationwide debates on the value and harm of admiring these idols.
    6)在贫困地区有两百万学龄儿童已经辍学。(定语从句)
    There are over 2 million school-age children who have dropped out of school in poverty-stricken areas.
    然而根据最新统计,在农村的贫困地区有两百万学龄儿童已经辍学。
    Yet according to recent statistics, there are over 2 million school-age children who have dropped out of school in poverty-stricken areas of the countryside.
    7)人生就像跑步的过程一样。(人生哲理)
    Life is like the process of running.
    人们应该不断努力,绝不停止进步。
    One should make constant efforts and never stop making progress.
    毫无疑问,这幅漫画传达了如下寓意:人生就像跑步的过程一样,人们应该不断努力,绝不停止进步。
    Undoubtedly, the cartoon conveys the meaning that life is like the process of running in which one should make constant efforts and never stop making progress.
    8)成群的游客涌入众多景点。(环境保护)
    A good many scenic spots are flooded with visitors.
    成群的游客涌入众多景点,制造并留下了大量的垃圾,破坏了自然之美。
    A good many scenic spots are flooded with visitors, who spoil the beauty of nature by creating and leaving behind God-knows-how-much trash.
    从漫画中,我们可以得出结论,画家想要表达这样一种信息:成群的游客涌入很多众点,制造并留下了大量的垃圾,破坏了自然之美。
    From the portrayal, we can conclude that the painter wants to convey such a message: a good many scenic spots are flooded with visitors, who spoil the beauty of nature by creating and leaving behind God-knows-how-much trash.

    2、状语从句
    1) 原因状语从句: because, in that, since, as, for
    (1) 人们选择慢跑作为锻炼。(健康)
    People choose jogging as their exercises.
    人们各自选择慢跑、打篮球、游泳、滑冰、爬山或骑车作为日常锻炼
    People respectively choose jogging, playing basketball, swimming, skating, climbing or riding as their regular exercises.
    人们各自选择慢跑、打篮球、游泳、滑冰、爬山或骑车作为日常锻炼,这是因为这些运动无一不会使我们更强壮、更加精力充沛。
    People variously choose jogging, playing basketball, swimming, skating, climbing or riding as their regular exercises, because exercises never fail to make us stronger and more energetic.
    (2) 我保持均衡饮食。(健康)
    I keep a balanced diet.
    我保持均衡饮食,而且晚上 11 点之前上床睡觉.
    I keep a balanced diet and go to bed before 11 o’ clock at night.
    我保持均衡饮食,而且晚上 11 点之前上床睡觉,因为我相信熬夜对健康有害。
    I keep a balanced diet and go to bed before 11 o’ clock at night, because I believe burning the midnight oil is harmful to health.
    (3) 饮食和睡眠对于身体健康是不可或缺的。(健康)
    Diet and sleep are indispensable to physical fitness.
    大学生应该重视养成良好的习惯。
    University students should put emphasis on forming good habits.
    因为均衡的饮食和充足的睡眠对于身体健康是不可或缺的,大学生应该充分重视养成良好的习惯。
    Since a balanced diet and sufficient sleep are both indispensable to physical fitness, university students should put great emphasis on forming good habits.
    (4)落后地区的贫苦儿童极易辍学。(社会公德)
    Poor children in backward areas are likely to become drop-outs.
    由于无法承担学费,落后和不发达地区的贫苦儿童极易辍学。
    Poor children in backward and underdeveloped areas are likely to become drop-outs because they cannot afford the tuition.
    (5)中国不可能在教育方面投入巨资。(教育)
    China is not likely to invest a huge amount of money in education to aid them.
    此外,由于中国是一个发展中国家,不可能在教育方面投入巨资。
    Moreover, China is not likely to invest a huge amount of money in education to aid them since it is a developing country.
    (6)任何国家都无法禁止旅游业。(环境保护)
    Tourism cannot be banned in any country.
    旅游业确实有助于发展经济,因此任何国家都无法禁止旅游业。
    Tourism cannot be banned in any country as it does help to shore up the economy.
    毫无疑问,由于对那些几乎没有其他来源的地区而言,旅游业确实有助于发展经济,因此任何国家都无法禁止旅游业。
    Undoubtedly, tourism cannot be banned in any country, as it does help to shore up the economy in places which offer few sources of income.
    2) 条件状语从句: if, unless, once
    (1) 人们发现他们已经被惯坏了。(条件状语从句)
    They are found too spoiled.
    人们发现他们已经被惯坏了,在困难面前无法足够坚强。
    They are found too spoiled to be strong enough in the face of difficulties.
    一旦一直被宠爱的年轻人开始寻求独立并接受来自现实社会的挑战,人们发现他们已经被惯坏了,在困难面前无法足够坚强。
    Once the young people who have been doted begin to seek independence and accept challenges from the real world, they are found too spoiled to be strong enough in the face of difficulties.
    (2)这种痴迷将浪费我们的金钱和时间。(流行文化)
    The obsession will waste us time and money.
    这种痴迷将必定浪费我们大量的金钱和时间,影响我们的工作效率。
    The obsession will certainly waste us a great deal of time and money, endangering the efficiency of our work.
    如果我们只是靠模仿偶像发型或一味追逐时尚的方式来崇拜他们,这种痴迷将必定浪费我们大量的金钱和时间,影响我们的学习或工作效率。
    If we simply worship the idols by imitating their hairstyle or pursuing fashions unreasonably, the obsession will certainly waste us a great deal of time and money, endangering the efficiency of our study or work.
    (3) 我们就会拥有积极的生活。(流行文化)
    We will lead a positive life.
    如果我们努力提高自己,我们就会拥有积极而收获显著的生活。
    If we endeavor to improve ourselves, we will lead a positive and fruitful life.
    相反,如果我们靠缩小我们和榜样之间的差距来努力提高自己,我们就会拥有积极而收获显著的生活。
    On the contrary, if we endeavor to improve ourselves by bridging the gap between our models and us, we will lead a positive and fruitful life.
    (4)他很难维持过去的辉煌。(人生哲理)
    He can hardly maintain his past glory.
    一旦一个人停止取得进步,他很难维持过去的辉煌。
    Once a person stops making progress, he can hardly maintain his past glory.
    一旦一个人停止取得进步,他很难维持过去的辉煌,在这个竞争世界中也会很难生存下去。
    Once a person stops making progress, he can hardly maintain his past glory and survive in this competitive world.
    (5)我们仍须为了成功而继续奋斗。(人生哲理)
    We still have to strive for success.
    我们仍须在我们未来的学业和事业上为了成功而继续奋斗。
    We still have to strive for success in our future academic study and career.
    如果我们考研成功,接下来就面临着征服艰巨研究生课程的挑战。我们仍须在我们未来的学业和事业上为了成功而继续奋斗。
    If we pass the National Entrance Test for M.A./M.S. Candidates and then are confronted with the challenge of conquering the difficult graduate courses, we still have to strive for success in our future academic study and career.

    3、名词性从句
    1)宾语从句: that
    没人能通过欺诈行为而生存下去。(职业道德)
    Dishonest behaviors help no one to survive.
    在市场经济体系的激烈竞争中,没人能通过欺诈行为而生存下去。
    Dishonest behaviors help no one to survive the intense competition of a market economy system.
    但这只母鸡及其同类应该知道:在市场经济体系的激烈竞争中,没人能通过欺诈行为而生存下去。
    But the hen and her like should know that dishonest behaviors helps no one to survive the intense competition of a market economy system.
    2) 同位语从句: that
    神秘的中国文化吸引了各国人民。
    People from different countries are attracted to mysterious Chinese culture.
    一种文化可以在国际范围内被接受、尊重、欣赏和分享。
    A culture can be accepted, respected, appreciated and shared internationally.
    神秘的中国文化吸引了各国人民这一事实表明,在某种程度上一种文化可以在国际范围内被接受、尊重、欣赏和分享。
    The fact that people from different countries are attracted to mysterious Chinese culture indicates that to some extent a culture can be accepted, respected, appreciated and shared internationally.
    补充: 同位语:
    这朵鲜花和年轻人联系起来。(两代关系)
    The flower is associated with young people.
    这朵娇弱的鲜花自然而然会和年轻人联系起来。
    The delicate flower is naturally associated with young people.
    这朵娇弱的鲜花自然而然会和年轻人联系起来,具体而言,就是当代社会的独生子女。
    The delicate flower is naturally associated with young people——to be specific, the only child in our current society.
    偶像崇拜其实是把双刃剑。(流行文化)
    Idolatry is a double-edged sword.
    偶像崇拜这种发人深思的社会现象,其实是把双刃剑,
    Idolatry, the thought-provoking social phenomenon, is a double-edged sword.
    在我看来,偶像崇拜这种发人深思的社会现象,其实是把双刃剑,可以对青年人的成长产生或好或坏的深刻影响。
    In my opinion, idolatry, the thought-provoking social phenomenon, is a double-edged sword which can exert profound influence for either good or bad on the growth of young people.
    3)主语从句: that, how, what
    唐迟老师很英俊是众所周知的。
    That CC is smart is well-known.
    张三丰如何习武很神奇。
    How Zhang Sanfeng practices martial arts is mysterious.
    4)表语从句: that
    他们没能理解的是尊老是中国文化的传统美德。
    What they fail to understand is that respecting the elderly is a traditional virtue of Chinese culture.

    (三)非谓语动词

    1、 动名词: do+ing, 动词/名词,主语/宾语
    1)在求职、考研、出国和创业之间做选择。(教育)
    The choice is among finding a job, pursuing postgraduate studies, going abroad or starting one’ s own business.
    大多数学生都在求职、考研、出国和创业之间做选择。
    For the vast majority of students, the choice is among finding a job, pursuing postgraduate studies, going abroad or starting one’ s own business.
    2)乐观能使人行事睿智。(人生哲理)
    Being optimistic enables people to behave wisely.
    总之,乐观能使人行事睿智、仁慈和自信,它也是个人性格和能力的培养中不可缺少的部分。
    In conclusion, being optimistic enables people to behave wisely, kindly and confidently, and it is also crucial for any individual’ s development, in terms of both character and competence.

    2、 不定式: to+动词原形
    1)我们需要保持乐观的心态。(人生哲理)
    We need to maintain an optimistic mentality.
    在逆境中,我们需要保持一种乐观的心态来经历人生的痛苦。
    In adversity, we need to maintain an optimistic mentality to pull through life’ s pain.
    尤其在逆境中,我们需要保持一种乐观的心态来经历人生的痛苦悲伤、迂回曲折。
    Especially in adversity, we need to maintain an optimistic mentality to pull through life’ s pains and sorrows, twists and turns.
    2)他们的目的是欺骗公众。(职业道德)
    Their intentions are to deceive the public.
    他们目的是披上华丽的外衣以便取悦并欺骗公众。
    Their intention is to put on civilized disguise to please or deceive the public.
    事实上,他们做这种承诺的目的只是披上华丽的外衣以便取悦并欺骗公众。
    As a matter of fact, their intentions in making such commitments are nothing but to put on a civilized disguise to please or deceive the public.

    3、分词:现在分词/过去分词, do+ing/do+ed
    1、学生应该考虑很多因素。(教育)
    Students should consider a variety of factors.
    在做决定的时候,学生应该考虑很多因素。
    When making this decision, students should consider a variety of factors.
    在做决定的时候,学生应该考虑很多因素,包括个人偏好、经济状况及职业计划。
    When making this decision, students should consider a variety of factors, including their personal preferences, financial status and career plans.
    2、竞争变得日益激烈。(人生哲理)
    Competition is increasingly fierce.
    由于生活节奏的加快,各行各业的竞争变得日益激烈。
    Owing to the quickening pace of life, competition is increasingly fierce in all walks of life.
    由于生活节奏的加快,各行各业的竞争变得日益激烈,激励每个人追求一个又一个的目标。
    Owing to the quickening pace of life, competition is increasingly fierce in all walks of life, stimulating everyone to pursue one goal after another.

    4、独立主格结构

    时间允许的话,明天我就去青城山。
    Time permitting, I will go to Mount Qingcheng tomorrow.
    如图生动所示,一个男孩正在沿着跑道跑步,他付出艰苦的努力,汗水淌下脸庞。
    It is vividly depicted in the cartoon that a boy is running along the racetrack with painful efforts,
    sweat pouring down his face.

    写信息量大的句子(句子扩写)

    姓名:唐静,年龄: 44,出生地:重庆,
    大学:四川外国语大学,专业:英语,爱好:读书
    Born in Chongqing, Tang Jing, a 44-year-old man who is an outstanding student from Sichuan International Studies University majoring in English, loves reading.

        我们在唱歌。
    We, students from New Oriental School, the best training school in Beijing, which is the capital of China, the great country in the world, are singing a pop song named Guangyindegushi sung by Luo Dayou, who is the favorite singer of Dao Zhang, after we played Mahjong the whole night.(50 words)

    英文句子结构:
    介词短语,
    不定式短语,
    现在分词短语,
    过去分词短语,
    状语,主语+定语+谓语+宾语+定语+状语。

    (一)我们可以在公交车上把座位让给老年人。(社会公德)
    We may give up our seats on the bus for someone old.
    我们可以父母退休之后邀请他们和我们同住。
    We may invite our parents to live with us once they retire.
    为践行这一美德,我们可以在公交车上把座位让给老年人,在父母退休之后邀请他们和我们同住,并且聆听他们有关个人或工作问题的建议。
    It can be exemplified by giving up our seats on the bus for someone old, by inviting our parents to live with us once they retire, and by listening to their advice for personal or work problems.
    (二)管理部门保证履行职责。(职业道德)
    Administration departments promise to perform their tasks.
    管理部门保证公正有效地履行职责。
    Administration departments promise to perform their tasks effectively and fairly.
    有些管理部门承诺不接受任何任何贿赂,公正有效地履行职责。
    Some administration departments promise to perform their tasks effectively and fairly without taking any bribes.
    (三)大学生有可能做出最优的选择。(教育)
    Students can improve their chances of making an optimal choice.
    合理地考虑个人偏好、经济状况及职业目标,大学生就更有可能做出最优的选择。
    With due consideration of personal preferences, financial status and career goals, students can improve their chances of making an optimal choice.
    (四)文化融合应受到鼓励和保持。(中西文化)
    Cultural blending should be encouraged and maintained.
    画家的目的是告诉我们文化融合应鼓励和保持。
    The purpose of the cartoonist is to show us cultural blending should be encouraged and maintained.
    画家的目的是告诉我们,在迅速现代化的世界里,文化融合并未被认为过时或失去价值,相反还应受到鼓励和保持。
    The purpose of the cartoonist is to show us that instead of being considered outdated and of little value in a rapidly modernizing world, cultural blending should be encouraged and maintained.
    (五)人们拥有生理或心理问题。(健康)
    People suffer either physical or mental problems.
    越来越多的人开始拥有生理或心理问题。
    People in mounting numbers are suffering either physical or mental problems.
    随着都市生活节奏的加快和压力的不断增加,越来越多的人开始拥有生理或心理问题。
    With the quickening pace of urban life and ever-increasing pressure, people in mounting numbers are suffering either physical or mental problems.
    (六)旅游业是经济发展的引擎。(环境保护)
    Tourism serves as an engine of economic growth.
    有些人似乎忽视了其对环境的负面影响。
    Some people seem to ignore its negative effects on the environment.
    有些人认为旅游业是经济发展的引擎,似乎忽视了其对环境的负面影响。
    Some people, under the belief that tourism serves as an engine of economic growth, seem to ignore its negative effects on the environment.

    考研写作四大优秀句型

    (一)强调句
    只有长期学习才有助于我们掌握大的词汇量。
    It is persistent work that is conducive to grasping a considerable vocabulary.
    (二)倒装句
    1、年轻人能够培养个性和能力。(人生哲理)
    Young people can cultivate personalities and abilities.
    只有经历更多的挑战和磨练,年轻人才能培养强大的个性和能力。
    Only by undergoing more challenges and toils in adversity can young people cultivate strong personalities and abilities.
    只有经历更多的挑战和磨练,年轻人才能培养强大的个性和能力,而且只有这样在竞争激烈的社会中他们才能成为赢家。
    Only by undergoing more challenges and toils in adversity can young people cultivate strong personalities and abilities, and only in this way can they become winners in this competitive world.
    2、我们必须重视建立一个公共教育体系。(社会公德)
    We must lay emphasis on the significance of establishing a public education system.
    更重要的是,只有更加重视建立一个有更多资助的公共教育体系,我们才能确保实现中国所有孩子们的希望。
    More importantly, only by laying greater emphasis on the significance of establishing a better funded public education system can we guarantee the realization of the hopes of all the children in China.
    (三)虚拟语气
    是时候加强人们的意识了。(环境保护)
    It is high time that we enhanced people's awareness.
    是时候加强人们的意识来改变这个现状了。
    It is high time that we enhanced people's awareness to rectify this.
    是时候加强人们的意识,通过多加考虑环境保护因素来改变这个现状了。
    It is high time that we enhanced people's awareness to rectify this by taking the environmental protection into consideration.
    (四)平行排比
    多元文化的将来会明朗。(中西文化)
    The future of cultural blending looks brighter.
    由于商业努力、政府支持和海外兴趣,多元文化的将来会明朗。
    As a consequence of commercialization efforts, government support and interest overseas, the future of cultural blending looks brighter.
    由于成功的商业努力、政府坚定不移的支持和不断增长的海外兴趣,多元文化的将来会比过去任何时候都明朗、安全。
    As a consequence of successful commercialization efforts, unwavering government support and growing interest overseas, the future of cultural blending looks brighter and more secure than ever before.


亲爱的读者:有时间可以点赞评论一下

点赞(0) 打赏

全部评论

还没有评论!