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特殊句式(倒装,强调,虚拟)

1121人浏览 / 0人评论 / | 作者:因情语写  | 分类: 英语  | 标签: 英语

作者:因情语写

链接:https://www.qingyu.blue/article/214

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    倒装

    全部倒装

    On the north bank of the Ohio River sits Evansville, Ind. ...

    Also unclear is why Microsoft has gone it alone

    There be 句型: There be + n.

    There is a girl.

    There be 句型: There be + n. + 介词短语

    There is a book on the table

    There is a great deal of this kind of nonsense in the medical journals …

    变形

    There has been a kind of inflationary process at work…

    There may be more matches in the database...

    部分倒装

    (一)否定副词或词组位于句首

    … it has never served so much to connect different peoples and nations before…
    … never before has it served so much to connect different peoples and nations...

    … and perhaps never before has it served so much to connect different peoples and nations as in the recent events in Europe.

    They developed not only such a device…
    Not only did they develop such a device...

    Not only did they develop such a device but by the turn of the millennium they had also managed to embed it in a worldwide system...

    (二) only 位于句首

    They will be useful servants and not Frankenstein’ s out‐of‐control monster only then.
    Only then will they be useful servants and not Frankenstein’ s out‐of‐control monster.

    And scholars have examined history from the bottom up only over the past 30 years.
    And only over the past 30 years have scholars examined history from the bottom up.

    (三)虚拟条件句省略 if

    But if Entergy had kept its word, that debate would be beside the point.
    But had Entergy kept its word, that debate would be beside the point.

    强调

    强调句的构成

    It is… that…

    We hear the more honest argument only in recent years.
    It is only in recent years that we hear the more honest argument.

    It was only after I started to write a weekly column about the medical journals, and began to read scientific papers from beginning to end, that I realised just how bad much of the medical literature frequently was.

    强调句的变化

    It is/was… that/who…

    It is they, not America, who have become anti‐intellectual.

    … it was not until the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre‐electronic medium, ...

    虚拟

    虚拟的概述

    1 什么是虚拟?
    2 如何表达虚拟?
    3 虚拟用在哪里?

    if 虚拟条件句

If 虚拟条件句 假设现在
If 从句 主句
一般过去时

did

(were)

could/would
/should/might
+do

    If 虚拟条件句 假设现在

    Your prospects would be almost as dismal if arguments were even just competitions—like, say, tennis games.

If 虚拟条件句 假设过去
if 从句 主句

过去完成时

had done

could/would
/should/might
+have done

    If 虚拟条件句 假设过去
    If he had played last season, however, he would have been one of 42.

If 虚拟条件句 假设将来
if 从句 主句

did(were)

were to do
should do

could/would
/should/might

+do

    If 虚拟条件句 假设将来
    If railroads charged all customers the same average rate… shippers… would do so, leaving remaining customers to shoulder the cost of keeping up the line.

    if 虚拟条件句

    名词性从句的虚拟

    This year, it was proposed that the system be changed: …

    European ministers instantly demanded that the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) do likewise.


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